Macromatic Industrial Control & Monitoring Products

3-Phase Monitor Relays Overview

3-Phase Monitor Relays protect motors and equipment from expensive damage due to voltage faults on three-phase systems. Refer to the table below for more information on the level of protection offered by each product, then click one of the Series to see details about a specific product type.

Series Offers Protection Against:
Phase Reversal
(Phase Sequence)
Phase Loss
(Single Phase)
Undervoltage Overvoltage Phase Unbalance
Plug-in Mounting
PCP Series Yes -- -- -- --
PLP Series Yes Yes -- -- --
PAP Series Yes Yes Adjustable 75-95% of Line-Line Voltage -- --
PMP Series Yes Yes Adjustable 80-95% of Line-Line Voltage Setting Fixed at 110% of Line-Line Voltage Setting Adjustable 2-10%
PMP-FA Series Yes Yes Fixed at 90% of Line-Line Voltage Setting Fixed at 110% of Line-Line Voltage Setting Fixed at 6%
DIN-Rail-Mount
PMD Series Yes Yes Adjustable 80-95% of Line-Line Voltage Setting Fixed at 110% of Line-Line Voltage Setting Adjustable 2-10%

All products work on 50/60 Hz

PAP Series Plug-in Phase Monitor Relays

PAP480
Plug-in

PMPU Series Plug-in Phase Monitor Relays

PMPU
Plug-in

PMDU Series DIN-Rail-Mount Phase Monitor Relays

PMDU
DIN-Rail-Mount

Depending on the unit selected, it will protect three-phase equipment against:

Phase Loss: - total loss of one or more of the three phases. Also known as "single phasing." Typically caused by a blown fuse, broken wire, or worn contact. This condition would result in a motor drawing locked rotor current during start-up. In addition, a three phase motor will continue to run after losing a phase, resulting in possible motor burn-out.

Phase Reversal: - reversing any two of the three phases will cause a three phase motor to run in the opposite direction. This may cause damage to driven machinery or injury to personnel. The condition usually occurs as a result of mistakes made during routine maintenance or when modifications are made to the circuit.

Phase Unbalance: unbalance of a three phase system occurs when single phase loads are connected such that one or two of the lines (phases) carry more or less of the load. This could cause motors to run at temperatures above published ratings.

Undervoltage: when voltage in all three lines of a three phase system drop simultaneously. This could result in an increase in current & motor heating and a reduction in motor performance.

Overvoltage: - when voltage in all three lines of a three phase system increase simultaneously. Could cause a decrease in load current & poor power factor.

3-PHASE MONITOR RELAYS